Maqtal Al-Husayn (a.s.); Account of the Martyrdom of Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) by Abu Mikhnaf.
Recontruction of the Episode of Karbala
“The first historian to systemically collect the reports dealing with the events of Karbala was named Abu Mikhnaf [Lut b.Yahya b. Sa’id b. Mikhnaf b. Salim al-Azdi al-Ghamaidi al-Kufi] (d.157 A.H.) in a work totled Kitab Maqtal al-Husayn. His father was a companion of Imam Ali (a.s.). Abi Mikhnaf was a trusted and reliable historian whose tradition reports were relied upon by many historians –Shiah and Sunni– including Muhammad b.’Amr Waqidi (d. 2017 A.H.) Tabari (d. 310), Ibn Qutabah (d. 322 A.H.), Mas’udi (d. 345 A.H.), Mufid (d. 413 A.H.), Shahrastani (d. 548 A.H.), Khatib Khwarazmi (d. 568 A.H.), Ibn Athir (d. 630 A.H.), Sibt b. Jawzi (d. 654 A.H. ), and others.
Abu Mikhnaf’s original work on Imam Husayn (a.s.) seems to have been lost and that which has reached us has been transmitted through his student, Hisham b. al-Kalbi (d. 204 A.H.) who preserved most of his teacher’s work and provides a detailed version of Abi Mikhnaf’s account. The present translation work relies on his reports to reconstruct Abu Mikhnaf’s original work titled Kitab Maqtal al-Husayn.