Selected Entries from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam
Edited by Gholamali Haddad Adel
Mohammad Jafar Elmi
The word fiqh literally denotes understanding, though as a term, it has been employed since the late eighth/fourteenth and early ninth/fifteenth centuries in the sense of understanding of the law in the sense of stating the norms and elaborating legal details through scholarly activities. However, the term shari’a designates the laws of Islam. Jurists (fiqaha’) discover and express the shari’a. Accordingly, the Western concept of ‘legal system’, i.e. the bureaucratic structures of government, is carried by fiqh. The present volume treats of different branches of law, e.g. private, public, criminal, and international, as applied in Muslim countries.
This book is part of a series of translations from the Encyclopedia of the World of Islam (EWI) which was originally compiled in Persian. Other entries from this Encyclopaedia which are available in English include History and Historiography, Historical Sources of the Islamic World, Muslim Organisations in the Twentieth Century, Periodicals of the Muslim World, and Hawza-yi ‘Ilmiyya.