This compilation of rulings by contemporary Shi’i scholars was first published in Farsi and Arabic as a response to the growing concern over takfir, or proclamations of excommunication of Muslims by other Muslims. These Shi’i scholars, who are at the upper echelon of Shi’i leadership and comprise the majority of the current and late twentieth-century maraji’, concur on the necessity of emphasising the concept of Muslim unity, regardless of sect, in Shi’i thought, and of promoting the importance of thoughtful social interactions between Muslims of varying sects in order to further a sense of genuine compassion and unity. This is all the more important in this day and age with the growing spectre of sectarian violence, particularly in regions ravaged by war. First published in 2015, it remains a current snapshot of the latest views of top Shi’i scholars.
It comprises the religiously legal injunctions (fatawa) of grand maraji’ al-taqlid and prominent Shi’i religious scholars concerning the legal prohibition (hurmat) – according to the Qur’an and the hadith – of insulting revered Islamic figures and calling the People of the Qiblah [Muslim] unbelievers.
“If someone says something that is divisive to Muslims, you should know that they are either ignorant or they would like to create discord between Muslims. It is not a Shi’i-Sunni issue. We are brothers, all of us.” – Imam Khomeini