Shi’ism: Imamate & Wilayat by sayyid Muhammad Rizvi
Shi’ism or Shia Islam is the second largest sect of the Muslim world. The central theme of Shia theology is the position, rights, and qualities that the Imams of Ahlul Bayt possess.
Sayyid M. Rizvi starts with a brief discussion on the region of the Shia Islamic faith, and whether it was political in nature or religious.
In Chapter II, he surveys the self-censorship exercised by Muslim historians of early as well as modern eras, and how events related to Shiism were suppressed in order to appease the rulers.
Chapter III, expounds on how the Orientalists have dealt with the Ghadir Khumm event; either it is ignored or if quoted, then interpreted to safeguard the interest of the majority Muslims. S. M. Rizvi also discussed the literal and contextual meaning of “mawla” which has great bearing on the issue of imamat and khilafat of Ali bin Abi Talib.
Chapter IV, he surveys the current dispute on the explicitness versus implicitness of Ali’s appointment to the position of imamate and khalifat. This is followed by a chapter on the concept of Ahlul Bayt in the Qur’an and the sunnah.
Chapter VI deals with the wilayat, the position and authority of the Imam, and its scope from the Qur’anic point of view. The treatise ends with a discussion on the esoteric knowledge that the Prophets and the Imams possess and its relevance to their personal life.